JAISALMER nicknamed as Golden City is in the Indian State of Rajasthan. Located 357 kms in the west of state capital of Jaipur. Jaisalmer is the world heritage city. The city is standing on the ridge of yellow sandstone. The fort contains a royal palace and many ornate Jain temples. Most of the houses and fort and most of the town are built with sculptured sandstone. The town lies in the heart of Thar desert with a population of around 80000.
Jaisalmer was named after Rawal Jaisal who founded the city in the year 1156 “AD” which means “Hill fort of Jaisal”. Jaisalmer sometimes is also known as the golden city. It imbues both with a golden-yellow light.
Jaisalmer is the third largest district by territorial region in the Rajasthan state and country as well. Jaisalmer is surrounded by Pakistan border on the west and southwest side. Length of the border is around 471 kms.
Jaisalmer is basically a desert area is prone to the extreme in terms of climate. Temperature varies a lot during day and night. In the summer season, it is around 50 degree in a day and 25 degrees in the night. In winters, it varies 23 degrees to 5 degree Celsius. The water here is very scarce and the average depth of the wells here is around 250 feet. There is only a single river Kakni with shallow water with a flowing distance 48kms. This is spread all over on the surface of flat ground. The crops are very rare only bajra, Jawar and motif are the main crops. Wheat and rice are very rare.
The economy of the town is windmills farms. Tourism is the main industry of the town. Musicians and dancers are major cultural exporters to all the world. They have played all over the world. Jaisalmer is also known for messenger bags, made from wild camels native to the area.
Jaisalmer is connected by means of transport by road mostly. Though there is an airport too. The railway station is also there but only trains between Jaipur and Jaisalmer.
Places of interest are Jaisalmer Fort built in 1156 AD by Bhati ruler Jaisal situated at Meru hills and named as Trikot Garh it is made of sandstone and looks like tawny sand color in the day and turns honey gold during sunset. This fort is a living fort as half of the town lives here. The main attraction here is the Royal Palace and Jain temple and Laxminath temple.
Jain heritage of Jaisalmer: Town is enriched with the jain community having beautiful Jain temples. There are several Jain temples built during 12th and 15th centuries Paraswanath , chandraprabhu and Rishabdev temple are the main attraction.
Jaisalmer is having dessert and cultural museum, Jaisalmer folklore museum Government museum war museum is the main. Also, Gadsisar lake to visit.
Dessert festival here is the main attraction and is the most awaited. This is a famous cultural and colorful event of Rajasthan. The camel races Rajasthani folk songs and dances attract many tourists from all over the world and India too. This is held in the month of February and the best time to visit.