Kolkata (Calcutta) City Guide – Kolkata Travel Attractions
Calcutta recently renamed as Kolkata is the capital city of the Indian state of West Bengal. Evidences from the archaeological site of Chandraketugarh reveal that the city is about 2,000 years old. However, the city became popular only after the arrival of British East India Company in 1690. Massive investment in infrastructure projects like railroads and telegraph by British government made Kolkata an industrial hub. The temperature of the city reaches about 9 °C during winter and about 40 °C in summer. The best time to visit Kolkata is during the winter season.
Fort William Kolkata
The district around the castle is a very large piece of green known as the Maidan (ground). The Maidan is also known as the lung of Kolkata and stretches 1 km in width and 3 km in segment.
Other places of interest within the city include Indian Museum, Asutosh Museum of Modern Art, The magnificent temple of Belur Math, Marble Palace of Rajendra Mullick, The Howrah Bridge, Sitambara Jain temple, and The Eden Gardens. There are many more exotic locations around the city, such as Shanti Niketan, Bishnupur, Dakshineshwar Temple, and The Botanical Gardens of Shibpur.
Stay and Transport
Oberoi Grand, The Park, Hyatt Regency, ITC Sonar Bangla Sheraton Hotel and Towers, and Taj Bengal are some of the hotels that offer star comforts. Some of the economy class hotels are as follows: Astoria Hotel, Hotel Heera International, Hotel Minerva, and Hotel Lindsay. One can also avail the help of local travel agents to find suitable accommodation.
The intellectual capital of India has the famous Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Airport at Dum Dum. Both international and domestic flight operators ply good number of aircrafts to most international and domestic destinations. The two major railway stations of the city include Howrah and Sealdah stations. Kolkata being the head quarters of Eastern and Southeastern railway zones has many trains connecting even to the remote parts of India. Local trains are the cheapest means to commute within the city. Bus services are offered both by Calcutta State Transport Corporation and private operators. Electric trams are the most attractive means of transport in the city, as they move slowly on the tracks laid along the traffic jammed streets. Taxis and autos are available at one’s beck and call. Other popular means of transport in Kolkata includes Bicycle Rickshaw, Manual Pull Rickshaw, Cycle Van Rickshaw, and Ferry Boats.