Mahabalipuram is a seventh century port city of south Indian dynasty in Kancheepuram district of Tamil Nadu state. Mahabalipuram is also known as Mamallapuram. Average elevation from sea level is 39feet or 12m. It is in 60km south from Chennai. In the seventh century Mahabalipuram was a dynasty of the Pallavas. At present, there are various monuments of 7th to 9th century and these monuments also considered in the world heritage site by UNESCO. These monuments are rock-cut and monolithic type of mostly. Geographically, constitute early stage Dravidian architecture. The sculptures and structure of temples are superb example of art of Pallava’s.
There are so many temples and in these historic building sculptures and other historical art are different from anywhere, mean unique in own kind. Besides sea beaches and temples, caves and hills also provide a panoramic view of nature. Some specific sites are given below to visit most:
Krishna’s butterball –
Dakshinachitra – It is a heritage village of Mahabalipuram. It is 25km from Chennai and situated on the beach of Mahabalipuram. This is a model village and people come here to see heritage homes. It is developed as concern as representing the 19th century. There is an organized craft industry in a traditional form.
Shore temple –
Sculpture museum –
Mahishamardini cave –
Pancha Pandas Ratha (Five Chariots) –
Ganesh Ratha Temple : in Mahabalipuram is located towards the north of the Arjuna’s Penance. It is a temple carved out from a rock to resemble a chariot and is built in Dravidian style. It was once dedicated to Lord Shiva. But when the original lingam was removed, the temple came to be known as the temple of Lord Ganesh.
Tiger’s Cave :
Dharmaraja Cave : Also known as the Atyantakama mandapam, this seventh century structure consists of three empty shrines. Past the mahamandapam, there are two full Mahendra type pillars and two half pillars with a plain kapota. There are three garbagrihams (cells) for three deities, though now all of them are empty.
How To Reach Mahabalipuram
Chennai is the nearest airport to Mamallapuram well-connected to a number of international destinations as well as to almost all the major cities of India.
Mamallapuram is well-connected to a number of neighboring cities via two important rail heads which are Chengalpattu 29km and Chennai 58km. The Railway Station closest to Mamallapuram is Chengalpattu, is around 29 km away from the main city of Mahabalipuram. The station links Mamallapuram to a number of important cities of Tamil Nadu like Chennai
Mamallapuram is connected to a number of neighboring cities by an excellent network of railways which connect this ancient port-city to Madras, Thirukkalikundram, also known as Pakshithirtham, Kanchipuram and Pondicherry via Chingleput.